Applied Economics, 26(8), 797–802. Johansen, S. (1988). Between 1998–2017, the average population growth … United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. B. Rao (Ed. Journal of Political Economy, 99, 582–606. In 1952 the Family Planning Association of Pakistan, an NGO, in… Principles of health economics in developing countries. This paper empirically examines factors related to social, economic, demographic and health care services that affect health status in Pakistan. Socio-economic determinants of health and physical fitness in southern Ethiopia. ", Lucia Hanmer & Robert Lensink & Howard White, 2003. New York: St. Martin’s Press. UNDP. Why reduce health inequalities? Sen, A. Jack, W. (1999). http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11205-017-1702-5. The study analyzed the effects of population on economic growth in case of Pakistan. The population increased from 3 billion to 7 billion in a fairly short time, and this fact had immense effects on the world we live in. ", Rehana Siddiqui & Mir Annice Mahmood, 1994. Independant Researcher and Consultant based in Islamabad, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, 406 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY, USA, Department of Economics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA, Assistant Chief, Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development Goals Section, Planning Commission of Pakistan, Pak Secretariat, Islamabad, Pakistan, You can also search for this author in Nutrition appears to be causally related to life expectancy and child mortality. At Pakistan’s growth rate — 3.6 — a population doubles in 19.4 years. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 54, 923–929. Banister, J., & Zhang, X. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division Expert Paper No. Role of income, urbanization and unemployment, Factors affecting infant mortality rates: evidence from cross-sectional data, Human Development in Poor Countries: On the Role of Private Incomes and Public Services, Decomposing social indicators using distributional data, Health expenditures, health outcomes and the role of good governance, International Journal of Health Economics and Management, A Stock Approach to the Demand for Health, The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation. (1994). Aggregate health care expenditure in the United States: Evidence from cointegration tests. Similarly, Akram et al. Maddala, G. S. (1992). Effects Of Aging And Population Growth On Health Costs. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1702-5, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1702-5, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in ", Shahbaz, Muhammad & Loganathan, Nanthakumar & Mujahid, Nooreen & Ali, Amjad & Nawaz, Ahmed, 2015. the various RePEc services. 339 Washington DC. The current population of Pakistan in 2020 is 220,892,340, a 2% increase from 2019.; The population of Pakistan in 2019 was 216,565,318, a 2.04% increase from 2018.; The population of Pakistan in 2018 was 212,228,286, a 2.08% increase from 2017. Population Studies, 36(3), 441–458. Journal of development Studies, 14, 22–39. Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, The effects of public and private health care expenditure on health status in sub-Saharan Africa: new evidence from panel data analysis. Chart and table of Pakistan population from 1950 to 2020. The analysis of the e⁄ects of health improvements on economic growth has been well ex-plored since Kelley (1988) found result that population had not e⁄ect on economic growth. Johansen, S., & Juselius, K. (1990). New York: Palgrave McMillan. Gbesemete, K. P., & Jonsson, D. (1993). If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. Suwal, J. V. (2001). Public and private roles in health: Theory and financing patterns. Against the background of the demographic argument, presented in the preceding section, we must inquire into the social factors, broadly defined, that are involved in population growth and its control. Population Studies, 30(2), 249–261. 01/88, LSHTM, London, UK. (2003). Population Development Review, 29(3), 483–492. Catalano, R., & Serxner, S. (1992). Ramesh, M., & Sam, M. (2007). ADB. World Development report 1993, investing in health. American Statistics, 40(1), 12–26. Health Policy and Planning, 10(4), 384–394. The analysis is conducted using ARDL bound testing approach on annual data ranging from 1960 to 2014. Econometrica, 55(2), 251–276. Part of Springer Nature. World Health Statistics 2007. Siddiqui, R., & Mehmood, M. A. Total fertility rate (fr) appears to have a significant effect on child mortality rate (cmr) with a negative sign both in the short and in long-run. Soc Indic Res 139, 1–23 (2018). The Pakistan Development Review, 35(4), 719–731. Mortality decline in low income world: Causes and consequences. An autoregressive distributed lag modelling approach to cointegration analysis. Benefo, K., & Scultz, T. P. (1996). We first estimated the annual percentage contribution of aging and population growth (taken together) to … Dickey, D. A., Bell, W. R., & Miller, R. B. Pakistan: Sure Publishers Karachi. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Mother’s health seeking behavior and childhood mortality in Pakistan. The IPAT equation, first devised in the 1970s, is a way of determining environmental degradation based on a multiple of factors. (2005). It is estimated that health spending has a significant impact on health status, specifically, development health spending and income are robust predictors of health status for the population in Pakistan and is seen to affect female life expectancy positively in both the short and in long run, however, it is important to note that the impact of income per capita is relatively stronger than that of public health spending. (2011). The study examines the impacts of population and the problems due to population increased and its influence on economic growth. Yet throughout this period, the birth rate was fortyfour per 1,000 population. Infant mortality time series are random walks with drift: Are they cointegrated with socioeconomic variables? Reidpath, D. D., & Allotey, P. (2003). ", Pierre‐Yves Crémieux & Pierre Ouellette & Caroline Pilon, 1999. Thus, it is important for the Government of Pakistan to design its policies based on the development targets in addition to the growth targets that have been set in place for the country. Brown, J., & Pollitt, E. (1996). Econometric analyses of national health expenditures: Can positive economics help to answer normative questions? World Bank World Development Report 2011, Washington DC. Likelihood ratio statistics for autoregressive time series with a unit root. Bidirectional causality exists between infant and child mortality and fertility rate; these results are supported by the modern economic theory of population. (2007). - 18.104.22.168. Unit roots and cointegration for the economist, Chapter 3. The world population is growing at an alarming rate. Pakistan’s economics performance 1947 to 1993: A descriptive analysis. ", Bidani, Benu & Ravallion, Martin, 1997. Health Economics, 7, 533–544. MPRA paper 6122. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Le Franc, E. (1989). Socioeconomic determinants of infant mortality: A worldwide study of 152 low, middle, and high-income countries. Sen, A. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107(4), 1283–1302. (1986). Demography and welfare economics. Feldstein, M. (1967). An assessment of OECD health care system: Using panel data analysis. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. Economist Joseph Spengler has estimated that 4 percent of national income goes to support our 1 percent per year rate of population growth in the United States (17). Abbas, F., & Khan, I. Population Studies, 33(2), 343–351. All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Economics and Human Biology, 1(2), 55–75. In Labor Market and Social Policy Occasional Paper No. (1995). (2003). Because the difference in population growth to 2200 between the UN-high and -low scenarios is comparable to a 1.4 percentage point constant difference in population growth, we show in SI Appendix, Fig. Critical values for cointegration tests. (2000). Macinko, J., Frederico, C. G., & De Souza, F. M. (2006). If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation. Bishai, D. M. (1995). Decomposing social indicators using distributional data. Journal of Human Resources, 30(4), 841–868. ", Pritchett, Lant & Summers, Lawrence H., 1993. Economic Journal, 108, 1–25. Techniques for testing the constancy of regression relations over time. Lack of women Empowerment. This allows to link your profile to this item. Journal of Econometrics, 77, 125–139. Unit root in time series models: Tests and implications. 2.Poor response of Population Dept.3. Washington DC: Urban Institute. (2011). On average, in 1990 each family had 6.2 children, and only 11 percent of couples were regularly practicing contraception. Or, Z. Human development in poor countries: On the role of private income and public services. ", Muhammad Shahbaz & Nanthakumar Loganathan & Nooreen Mujahid & Amjad Ali & Ahmed Nawaz, 2016. Cheung, W.-W., Sharma, S., & Shield, M. P. (1986). Econometric analysis of national health expenditures: Can positive economics help to answer normative questions? (2013). The determinants of health status: A cross country analysis. Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through Abbas, F., & Hiemenz, U. Population Studies, 29(2), 231–248. Just how many of us are there and how is our rising population affecting human health? Brenner, M. H. (1979). Its population growth rate of 2.40 percent is the highest in South Asia and stands in sharp contrast to the 1.0–1.5 percent growth rate of other South Asian countries. United Nation. Health Economics, 8, 627–639. (2008) also investigated long-term positive impacts of health indicators (life expectancy, infant mortality rate, health expenditure and population per bed) on economic growth. Phillips, P. C. B., & Perron, P. (1988). Tests for unit roots: A Monte Carlo investigation. Maximum likelihood estimation and inference on cointegration—With application to the demand for money. ", Gbesemete, Kwame P. & Jonsson, Dick, 1993. Islamabad: Economic Advisor’s Wing, Ministry of Finance. Death rate: Pakistan's extremely high rate of population growth is caused by a falling death rate. Infant mortality rate: The decrease in infant mortality rate is also a contributing factor. Sathar, Z., & Zaidi, B. Econometrica, 49(4), 1057–1072. The determinants of child mortality in Tanzania. Washington DC: World Bank Institute (WBI). 46. Rodgers, G. B. Applied time series modeling and forecasting. Applied Economic letters, 6, 271–273. 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