In conclusion, if we want to develop sustainably as a country, reforestation is a must! Importance of vegetation The most precious vegetation in such forests are kaya and sapel, iroko and opepe, agba and obche. and features to c) Savannah vegetation: The savannah vegetation is the biggest of the vegetation types in Ghana. Another important land cover change in Ghana is the degradation of forest. Send your news stories to As of 2013, Ghana’s forests cover was 1.6million hectares from 8million hectares at the beginning of the 1990s. can be consumed as a drink and (7) “carbohydrates” i.e. Ghana is geographically located in the tropics, endowed with diverse natural resources. Savanna, vegetation type that grows under hot, seasonally dry climatic conditions and is characterized by an open tree canopy (i.e., scattered trees) above a continuous tall grass understory (the vegetation layer between the forest canopy and the ground). There are tall trees of varying heights, forming a closed canopy at the top, … It started as a research unit within the Forestry Department in 1962. Forest conservation as the name suggests is the preservation and the protection of forests. Students will collect vegetation and environmental data at forest sites, learning ecological sampling techniques and performing statistical community analyses. Kakum National Park, located in the coastal environs of the Central Region of Ghana, covers an area of 375 square kilometres. user = "newswires"; The importance of reforestation to wildlife in Ghana cannot be overemphasized. The importance of reforestation to wildlife in Ghana cannot be overemphasized. Environmental campaigns such as World Environment Day (an annual celebration on the world calendar earmarked to create awareness on the significance of trees in the environment), Global March on Elephants and Rhinos, World Wildlife Day, International Day of Forests, etc. This paper presents a report on the Non- Timber Forest Products development in Ghana. Taxonomically the two are very distinct and very few plants occur naturally in both kinds of vegetations. It is made up of the Guinea savannah and Sudan savannah. In 1988 Ghana initiated a conservation plan called the Forest Resource Management Project. It provides 43% of the Gross Domestic Product, 50% of export earnings and 70% of total employment. Importance of forest. Ghana is known for its diverse animal life, miles of sandy beaches along a picturesque coast, and beautiful forests covering more than 21% of the country. Recycling timber is another way of renewing or safeguarding our forests. The forest is the home of wildlife, hence the absence of forest impact negatively on the existence of wildlife. We cannot talk about the basics of life –food, water and shelter without our forest resources. Tourists will love to pay to see wildlife such as mammals, primates, etc. These include, though not limited to: Agriculture activities, Harvesting of wood (both legal and illegal), Mining (both legal and illegal) and Bush burning Vegetation … According to Global Forest Watch, Ghana lost more than 500,000 hectares of forest cover between 2001 and 2013, primarily in its southern portion. document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); Forests cover about one-third of Ghana’s total area. Ghana also has one of the best laws and legislations governing our natural resources especially our forests but the challenge is the proper enforcement of these laws. document.write(''); Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Ghana has some 1185 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Law enforcement To the southeast, the Akwapim Togo Mountains (ATM) make up Ghana… plants of which roots and tubers are starchy, which may be cooked or roasted before consumption. // End --> When a tree dies and its trunk falls to the forest floor, it decays and the nutrients it contains are recycled. Forestry Research Institute of Ghana is one of the 13 institutes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). The most important was severe deforestation. Recycling Environmental education (campaigns). And one of these resources that have been most abused is its forests resources and by extension its wildlife. We cannot talk about the basics of life –food, water and shelter without our forest resources. By-laws should also be formulated and enforced at the local governance level on compulsory tree planting in our various communities. So to be able to develop and sustain these natural resources, we should be able to enforce these laws or by-laws stringently and hard enough to deter people who perpetrate these evil acts of forest destruction. However, the exploitation of these resources, coupled with the overall lack of environmental awareness, has devastated the country's forests. Chat with us via WhatsApp on +233 55 2699 625. site = "ghanaweb.com"; Promoting tourism Environmental campaigns such as World Environment Day (an annual celebration on the world calendar earmarked to create awareness on the significance of trees in the environment), Global March on Elephants and Rhinos, World Wildlife Day, International Day of Forests, etc. All rights reserved. CitiNewsroom.com is Ghana's leading news website that delivers high quality innovative, alternative news that challenges the status quo. The forest is the home of wildlife, hence the absence of forest impact negatively on the existence of wildlife. This is as a result of high incidence of illegal chainsaw logging, legal harvest and illegal mining popularly known as “Galamsey” in Ghana. Tourist sites such as Mole National park, Aburi Botanic Gardens, and Shai Hills generate a lot of foreign exchange to boost our economy. The forest and wildlife are therefore in a symbiotic relationship. Therefore continuous depletion or destruction of our forests will eventually affect life.Basically, human actions are the main causes of our forest depletion. Forestry as a sub-sector accounts for 6% of the GDP, 11% of export earnings and employs a labor force of 100,000 people. Ghana’s REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) readiness proposal claims that drivers of deforestation can be mainly attributed to agricultural expansion (which contributes to 50%), harvesting of wood (35%), population and development pressures (10%) and mining (5%) (Forestry Commission, 2012). Forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the maintenance of environmental quality. Wildlife survives mostly in the forest. Ghana J. Forestry, Vol. Recycled timber is an environmentally friendly product and should be encouraged. 8.2 What is the value of other forests products harvested?