Many schools, colleges and most universities use English as the medium of instruction. The Mengals are a famous Brahvi tribe. Rakshani is the major dialect group in terms of numbers. Home | Country Rankings | Graph The Data | Heat MapExplore the Data | Downloads | FAQs| About The Index. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. The investment regime remains inefficient, impeded by political instability, sectarian conflict, and heavy bureaucracy. The entrepreneurial spirit of individual Pakistanis finds little support in the business regulatory environment. Punjabi does not have any official status in Pakistan. Pakistan's rough estimates vary, but the consensus is that the Punjabis are the largest ethnic group. The demographic history of Pakistan from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization to modern era includes the arrival and settlement of many cultures and ethnic groups in the modern region of Pakistan from Central Asia, Europe and the nearby Middle East. The Dardic languages of Gilgit–Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and the northwestern mountains are sometimes classified by many linguists as belonging to the Indo-Aryan family. Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country. ; Afghanistan 2020 population is estimated at 38,928,346 people at mid year according to UN data. Urdu, the country's national language, is an Indo-Aryan tongue. Chart and table of Pakistan population density from 1950 to 2020. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Pakistan. This is the population pyramid for Pakistan. Share of the population of the stated age group that has pre-primary education or incomplete primary education as the highest level of educational attainment. It is written in a modified form of the Perso-Arabic script, Nastaliq, and its basic Hindi-based vocabulary has been enriched by words from Persian, Arabic, Turkic languages and English. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. Gujari or Gojri (گوجری زبان) is a language closely related to Rajasthani languages, and is spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab KPK provinces of Pakistan. Pakistan: Total population from 2014 to 2024 (in million inhabitants) Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. It is the first language of most Muhajirs – Muslim refugees that arrived from different parts of India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and that form nearly 8% of Pakistan's population – and is an acquired language by nearly all of Pakistan's native ethnic groups. Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan has been Regulatory inefficiencies, complex labor laws, and an unreliable security situation continue to burden the business environment. [44][45] With as high as 7 million by some estimates, the city of Karachi in Pakistan has the largest concentration of urban Pashtun population in the world, including 50,000 registered Afghan refugees in the city. [58][59][60] Majority of the Muslims practice Sunni with a significant minority of Shi'as. ; Afghanistan population is equivalent to 0.5% of the total world population. They are based on the results of the Pakistan Demographic Survey (PDS 2010). GDP growth, however, has been vigorous for the past five years, led by exports of cotton textiles. Former cricket star Imran Khan became prime minister after his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party won a plurality in the July 2018 election on promises of job creation, new housing, and economic reforms. Sindhi is a provincial language spoken as a first language by 16% of Pakistanis, mostly in Sindh. ", "In a city of ethnic friction, more tinder", "UN body, police baffled by minister's threat against Afghan refugees", "Pakistan's regional languages face extinction", "Ethnologue report for Pakistan: Languages of Pakistan", "Religions: Muslim 95% (Sunni 65%, Shia 30%), other (includes Hindus and Christians ) 5%", "Most Pakistanis and Urdu speakers live in this Australian state", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Pakistan&oldid=992161000, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 35.4% (male 35,475,647 / female 33,586,757), 60.4% (male 60,766,105 / female 56,886,961), 4.2% (male 3,890,840 / female 4,325,538) (Jan. 2017), total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011), Maternal mortality ratio: 320 (2009 est. It is spoken in central and east central Balochistan. The total value of exports and imports of goods and services equals 28.0 percent of GDP. Kalam Valley of upper Swat), Kalash (spoken by Kalash tribe), Kohistani (spoken in upper Swat and Kohistan) and Kashmiri mostly by Immigrants from Kashmir valley and by a few in the Neelum District. Vicholi is considered as the standard dialect by all Sindhi speakers. The structure of the population by five-year age groups and gender is: The structure of the population by coarse age groups and gender is: Fertility rate (TFR) (wanted fertility rate) and CBR (crude birth rate): Source: UN World Population Prospects[16], As adultery is a crime punishable by death in Pakistan, just in the main cities 1,210 infants were killed or abandoned to die (2010), 90% of them girls and most less than a week old according to conservative estimates by the Edhi Foundation, a charity working to reverse this increasing trend. Urdu is a relatively new language but has undergone considerable modification and development, with many borrowings from older languages such as Persian, Arabic, Chagatai and other South Asian languages. Majority of population living in the valley of Hunza, Nagar and Yasin speak Mishaski. Government spending has amounted to 21 percent of the country’s output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 5.5 percent of GDP. Population Pyramids: Pakistan - 1990. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. Pashto is a provincial language spoken as a first language by about 15% of Pakistanis, mostly in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistan as well as by immigrants to the eastern provinces. Since Balochi is a poetic and rich language and have a certain degree of affinity to Urdu, Balochi poets tend to be very good poets in Urdu as well as Ata Shaad, Gul Khan Nasir and Noon Meem Danish are excellent examples of this. There are around 75 to 80 known Pakistani languages although, in practice, there are primarily six major languages in Pakistan spoken by 95% of the population: Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu, and Balochi. Balochi is a provincial language spoken as the first language by about 3.5% of Pakistanis, mostly in Balochistan. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 220,892,340. [39] Among countries that use English as an official language, Pakistan is third-most populous in the world. Amongst the more educated social circles of Pakistan, English is seen as the language of upward mobility and its use is becoming more prevalent in upper social circles, often spoken alongside native Pakistani languages. [32][33] Many of them were born and raised in Pakistan in the last 30 years. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. Sarhaddi, is a sub dialect of Rakshani. China has pledged over $60 billion in infrastructure and energy investments in a China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. J. H. 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The largest ethnic group is the Punjabi, with 45 percent of the total population. Population of Pakistan Pakistan's population estimate as of 2015 was 199,085,847, making it the sixth most populous nation on Earth. The majority of Shia Muslims belong to the Ithnā‘Ashariyyah branch,[58] while a smaller number practice Ismailism. Arabic is considered to be a religious language in Pakistan. Among many reasons, High fertility and declining mortality rates are the most important reasons in Population growth in Pakistan. 1998, 2017 census Consequently, the social fabric of Sindh contains elements of Arabic society. It is spoken in parts of the Quetta district of Karachi, Islamabad, and in parts of Ziarat. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. It is believed that the language was brought to its present location in a series of migrations Aleppo, Syria. 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