They are used to produce tenor and bass sounds. The contemporary trumpet had musical limitations (fanfares within the harmonic series) and was socially restricted to ceremonial and military functions employed by the nobility. Much more important in the Renaissance was the lute with short neck, rounded back and gut strings. Golden age. Historically informed performance (also referred to as period performance, authentic performance, or HIP) is an approach to the performance of classical music, which aims to be faithful to the approach, manner and style of the musical era in which a work was originally conceived.. The renaissance was an intriguing period that was marked by a massive transition. To the more intimate music, musica bassa, belong primarily the string instruments, flutes and recorders. Soprano and alto, predecessors of the oboe and English horn, are to be heard on Vol. The only difference was where they were used. Most of them are built-in families and were used with different music styles. II:#31). This is a pair of instruments and that’s why sometimes it’s known as the Virginals. History indicates that the Clavichord was invented at the beginning of the 14th century, just when the period of the renaissance was starting as well. Not only was music important for education but it influenced various aspects of life including civic movements, religion, and festivals among others. There was a wide range of musical genres and styles during the renaissance period. The best known of these was the crumhorn (German Krummhorn), an instrument of narrow cylindrical bore whose unusual J shape complemented its pungent buzzy tone. Popular Music Forms During the Renaissance, composers took known musical forms from church music and secularized them. The scholars achieved this by inte… The above-mentioned instruments were some of the most common during the renaissance. Besides being great and portable music instruments, spinets were also used for aesthetical purposes due to their attractive design. as a homogeneous family (e.g. A shawm is almost foot long in size and it has around 7 finger holes for pitch control. It first originated in Italy around the 16th century. Lyre belongs to the harp family and to produce sound, players have to depress its key while a plectrum is used to strike the strings. As a result, the Jew’s harp normally produces various overtones. To produce sound, the dancer needs to strike the frame’s surface with the hand, fingertips, or knuckles since it has jingles. The shawms, are loud wind instruments, played with double reeds. I. II (#30) a very small lute, called mandora, is used, and for a “broken consort” on Vol. The way aerophones vibrate depends on the family subset. Its design features a goat or sheep skin and this is what encloses the air that’s blown in the instrument. II it is used both single (#2) and for accompanying cornett and sackbuts (#6). The body is normally used to provide a resonating effect. II even the still bigger Quartfagott is heard in a low curtal quartet (TBBQ, #23). The flute is held on the right side and the player then blows air into its long body. answer: The pipes were also most commonly made of wood and many of them had carvings and decorations on them. Viol: it’s an old type of instrument that was first developed in the 15th century. The European stringed keyboard is designed with a rectangular shape. Much more important in the Renaissance was the lute with short neck, rounded back and gut strings. Josquin Des Prez (1440–1521) Widely recognized by just his first name, Josquin … This skin is what was known as the vellum and it made it easier for any dancer to play it. Besides that, it could be used for multiple functions in different settings in addition to other instruments. It is fairly small, being only 31 inches high and 18 inches from back to front.However, like any Celtic harp, it has a strong framing, and can bear a considerable draught of wire. Role: Polymath. answers •LUTE: - was the leading instrument of the Renaissance time. Note: The modern Jew’s harp is distinct from what was used in the renaissance period. The fife was a similar instrument, the design of which has not changed since the Renaissance. It was the most popular double reed instrument of the renaissance period; it was commonly used in the streets with drums and trumpets because of its brilliant, piercing, and often deafening sound. I:#2, I:#24). It is presented here both single (I:#17) and in various ensembles (e.g. The violin (etymology: Italian violin, diminutive viola or viella) is a stringed … II, and with pictures from the booklet of Vol. On Vol. Large organs were mostly used in churches/choirs. To enhance its effectiveness, shawm was used with trumpets and drums. II:#8). A. I (e.g. Most of them belong to the lute family. Musica Rediviva © 2020. Forms of music that evolved during the Renaissance included the cantus firmus, chorale, French chansons, and … Consensus among music historians–with notable dissent–has been to start the era around 1400, with the end of the medieval era, and to close it around 1600, with the beginning of the baroque period, therefore commencing the musical Renaissance about a hundred years after the beginning of the Renaissance … Just like in the modern times, the instruments of the musical Renaissance can be classified as brass, string, drums and wood wind. Prominent instrument of the renaissance era. II (#16) we encounter the contrabass of the rackett family. Renaissance Musicians. - e-edukasyon.ph This instrument was very popular due to the fact that it was louder. The renaissance keyboards were used to accompany most songs and as a result, they were often handled as solo instruments. The vielle was a medieval fiddle, similar in shape and sound to the modern violin. Find out more: Interesting Facts about Piano History: The Renaissance Period. Besides that, they are highly versatile and so they were used in a wide range of activities. During the period of transition, these instruments were mostly the double-reed type. Even though it is considerably small, more than 10 people can play the harpsichord together. Gregorio Allegri (1582 – 1652) It would be a mistake in this article not to include … List about the most famous musical instruments of the Renaissance We call musical instruments of the Renaissance those used for … The impact of the roman catholic church began to decrease as the new music kind and emerged. Concerning construction and sound, the crumhorn and cornamuse have a relative in the bagpipe, which conveys a rustic character to many dances. On Vol. In the 16th century, the violin was still looked upon, more or less, as a rustic fiddle, appropriate for dance music. It’s a type of music instrument set that produces sound after being struck by a beater. Answer from: elaineeee. Answers: 1. (with references to music on Musica Rediviva’s CD’s “Monsieur Arbeau’s School of Dancing”, Vol. Willan Academy of Music : 244 Madison Avenue #171 New York, NY 10016 Sitemap. Bladderpipe’s origins are quite interesting since it is believed that it was herdsmen who first used it. To play crumhorn, you have to blow air into the hole to produce buzzing sounds. Sacred Music. This pipe organ came with more than one type of a keyboard manual. Note that the device used during this period is still similar to the modern flute. A small diatonic harp with medieval traditions has got some tasks on Vol. Chordophones used during the renaissance period were diverse, in terms of design and size. The most common instruments found under this category include plucked strings and bowed strings. Lute: it’s a general description that refers to a string instrument designed with strings that run parallel to its sound table. PIANO, GUITAR, VOICE, AND MORE INSTRUMENTS. Our recordings display the most representative instruments of the 16th century. The double reed is essential also for the curtals (dulcians), whose inner bore is bent like a “U”, so that they appear to be half as big as the corresponding sizes of the shawm family. Answers. 1400-1600. The Renaissance period of classical music spans approximately 1400 to 1600. It’s still a popular instrument even in the current times. ), From the large family of recorders, we make use of six different sizes (from descant to contrabass) though not more than three or four sizes at a time (e.g. As one of the world’s foremost experts on Flemish scientific instruments of the Renaissance period, Van Cleempoel provided an introduction to sixteenth-century mathematical instruments from the famous Louvain School and presented on how Renaissance instrument makers contributed to both the scientific revolution as well as the artistic output of the period. Lute. This lipped double reed instrument has a peculiar construction. Its tongue needs to be placed inside the performer’s mouth and then the loop end is plucked with the finger to produce a high note of a constant pitch. Also new types and families were invented. This 4′ tenor was, around 1600, regarded as the chief instrument of its family and as to both size and range corresponds to the normal flute of today. They are also known as woodwind instruments. The history of keyboards goes back to many centuries ago, even before the renaissance period. II (#4, #20). between 1400 and 1600. The recorder was mainly used during the renaissance to teach students in elementary schools. The lute is the most prominent instrument in the Renaissance Era. At that time, Clavichord was mostly used for practical purposes with the aim of aiding music composition. Some of the instruments were even improvised as time went by. II:#25). what influence decline when the new music genre arose? The regal, a small table organ with reed pipes, produces a sound reminiscent of the homogeneous crumhorn consort. All these instruments belonged to the musica alta (loud music), used for outdoors and hall music by both court and town musicians. It was the most popular double reed instrument of the renaissance period… However, the use of these tools started to peak during the renaissance period i.e. A player can blow air across the double reed, a single reed, or across the mouth hole, just like with the modern-day flute. Both chanter (melody pipe) and drone pipe(s) of the bagpipe are blown together through the wind bag. This versatility made music to flourish and it led to the design and upgrade of various music ensembles. Additional idiophones came into use from the Renaissance on. The Portuguese call it Cravo, the Germans refer to it as Cembalo, while the Italians know it as Clavicembalo. Medieval fiddles such as the vielle influenced the design of the viol, a stringed instrument popular in the later Renaissance period. Generally, these devices are loud and this made them ideal for use in crusades. Without modern counterparts are the crumhorns (German krumm = ‘bent’). Double reeds were particularly numerous during the Renaissance, and in many species the reeds were capped. There is some resemblance between the modern-day cello and viol in the manner in which the latter is placed and played. Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era. I (#18), two of the lute-players have changed to the brightly sounding cittern and the darker pandora, instruments with a flat back and metal strings. Answer: Precursor versions of many familiar modern instruments (including the violin, guitar, flute and keyboard instruments) developed into new forms during the Renaissance. At that time, a viol was designed with 6 strings, and players used to use it alongside a bow. 7. Its back is deep and round it’s usually plucked to produce different tonal variations. Lira da Braccio: it is also known as Lyra de bracio. There was a large organ that was installed in a fixed place. Fiddle. It was popular among those composers that valued portability and couldn’t use the harpsichord. Besides that, you can just shake it and it will produce jingling sounds. There are several types of reed instruments used during the renaissance and the most common ones feature the likes of: Shawm: it was the basis of reed instruments. However, they became very popular during the renaissance. Some has lived until our days, others have disappeared or have been recreated for making music from the era in the public scenarios. It has a winged shape in addition to a single string set that’s placed at an oblique angle next to the keyboard. The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly polyphonic B. Tenor and bass shawms are made with a bore-doubled back. One piece on Vol. It should be noted that performers can create different tunes by changing the shape of the mouth. Popular types of instrumental keyboards were: During medieval times, there were two main types of organs that were used in crusades. Region: Poland. II (#30) a very small lute, called mandora, is used, and for a “broken consort” on Vol.I (#18), two of the lute-players have changed to the … II.). Lyre: this is another example of a plucked string instrument that is designed with strings perpendicular to the soundboard. It was a hugely popular instrument during medieval times, particularly among troubadours. Renaissance is the "_______" of a capella choral music. Treble, tenor and bass curtals play on both records (e.g. II (e.g. The following centuries after the Medieval period saw new developments in musical style, and Renaissance style reached its peak during the 16th century with the music of Palestrina and Lassus. Around 1500 the instrument makers started building instruments as “families” with different sizes for high, middle and low range. It’s an important part of European history that signified a period of transition to modernity from the middle ages. A typical example of the Renaissance instrument is the so-called Queen Mary Harp. Besides that, the reed pipe has 4/5 finger holes that the player uses to control sound variations. There are several types of reed instruments used during the renaissance and the most common ones feature the likes of: It is also known as the bagpipe. The sackbut, or trombone, appeared in its almost modern form and construction as early as about 1440. The harp was played resting upon the left knee and against the leftshoulder of the … Aerophones made during the renaissance had vibrating air columns that were used to produce sounds. Due to their buzzing sound and limited compass (a ninth each), they have a preference for playing in “whole consort”, i.e. Below is an overview of the most common family sets of musical instruments. It has a whistle mouthpiece which the user blows in to produce sound. Renaissance instruments, such as viols and most wind instruments… The bass curtal Choristfagott) has the widest use and is the “grandfather” of today’s bassoon. Flutes were a common instrument in the Renaissance. They are also known as stringed or string instruments. It occurred after the Crisis of the Late Middle Ages and was associated with great social … Find out more: Interesting Facts on Violin History: The Renaissance Period. Lifespan: 1473 – 1543. On Vol. To do this, the player has to close or leave open various holes in order to produce different pitches. I (#4). ​Most of the instruments used during this period belonged to sets of families. klondikegj and 40 more users found this answer helpful 4.8 (12 votes) Secular Music. Reed pipe: it is made by using a short single-length cane that contains a mouthpiece. Another touch of folk-music is transmitted by the standard combination pipe and tabor, heard only on Vol. They are particularly frequent on Vol. One thing that is clear, though, is that it became an important European instrument between the 16th and 18th centuries. Examples of plucked strings are: These devices consist of bowed strings that have to be ribbed in order to produce sound-emitting vibrations. Of the bowed strings we notice the viols (viola da gamba) in its main sizes: treble, tenor and bass on Vol. Answer: The pipes were also most commonly made of wood and many of them had carvings and decorations on them. However, the growing demand for music genres for different activities saw the evolvement of this device. Tastes and ideas eventually changed and composers like Claudio Monteverdi paved the way for the new … The history of the harpsichord is quite dilute and very little is known about it. The Renaissance (UK: / r ɪ ˈ n eɪ s ən s / rin-AY-sənss, US: / ˈ r ɛ n ə s ɑː n s / REN-ə-sahnss) was a period in European history marking the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity and covering the 15th and 16th centuries. During the renaissance period, percussion instruments mainly included bells, Jew’s hap, certain drums, and the tambourine. The xylophone, long widespread throughout Asia and Africa, was illustrated in 1529 by the composer and music theorist Martin Agricola.In 1618 Praetorius depicted an instrument with 15 bars from 15 to 53 cm … The latter is blown with a cup mouthpiece like the brass instruments but has got a conical tubing, mostly made of wood and provided with fingerholes. Its use became very common in the Late Middle Age, making it a widespread instrument during the renaissance. Renaissance Instruments Be sure to visit the Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Instruments at the website of Iowa State University's Musica Antiqua for descriptions, pictures, and sound examples of Medieval and Renaissance instruments. It was preceded by the Medieval period and followed by the Baroque period.The Renaissance era of music history came significantly later than the era of Renaissance art, which arguably peaked during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, yet the Renaissance … Slide trumpet: similar to the trombone of today except that instead of a section of the body sliding, only a small part of the body near the mouthpiece and the mouthpiece itself is stationary. TRY BEST MUSIC LESSONS AND GET 50% OFF OF YOUR FIRST LESSON. Instrumental music became more important than vocal music during the Renaissance C. The Renaissance period is sometimes called "the golden age"of a cappella D. Renaissance composers often used word painting, a musical representation of … became more prominent in the renaissance period. I (#36), and the bass combined with violin and viola (da braccio) on Vol. Its design features a mouth hole located near its stoppered end in addition to finger holes. During the 15th century the heterogeneous sound of medieval music gradually changes by a more homogeneous musical taste. Plenty of instruments were originated since the beginning of the Renaissance, others were changed or improved from instruments that existed in the past. 🔴 Answers: 3 🔴🔴 question How important were the compositions of Palestrina during the Renaissance period? They became important guides that were used to ensure that vocals were balanced and remained on-key.Â. The old design of tambourine that was used during the renaissance featured a frame drum minus the jingles that are normally attached to the side. Trombones blend well with shawms and curtals (I:#1, II:28) and often form a homogeneous combination with a cornett in the top part (e.g. Common devices that belong to the bowed string instruments subcategory features the likes of: Did you know that  early violins had only 3 strings? During the crusades, the tambourine was called timbrel and it had a single skin surrounding the frame. I, though, uses in a combination with softer instruments a single cornemuse, a straight, muted variant of the crumhorn (#6). I, and Vol. I:#18, II:#13). I:#39, II:16). Find out more about Willan Academy of Music in NYC. Roman catholic church. Brass instruments in the Renaissance were traditionally played by professionals. Renaissance music is music written in Europe during the Renaissance. They are simple to use since they basically produce sound when the strings are stroked. They are longer types of reed instruments. Golden Age. In one piece on Vol. Out of the many reed instruments, the crumhorn is one of the few that didn’t evolve and so it doesn’t have a modern descendant. 1jaiz4 and 10 more users found this answer helpful 0.0 The double-reed equipment was popularly used in crusades especially in streets since it had a deafeningly loud sound. It’s well-crafted to produce more refined sounds. The corresponding melody and drone strings of the hurdy-gurdy are all activated by the friction of a rotating wooden wheel, turned round with a crank. It was made with jingles and its name even changed. Typical for these instruments is the so-called wind cap enclosing the double reed. Copernicus. Ideally, it was used to guide them as they narrated poetry and recited song lyrics. Scared music was still of great importance. The longest pipe was used to produce bass while the shortest one was for treble. These instruments are soft-sounded hence they were used to play soft music. As the reed then cannot be directly controlled by the player’s lips, just one level of dynamics is possible on a capped wind instrument. On Vol. During the renaissance, music performers as well as music composers incorporated various instruments in a wide range of music genres, poetry, and recitations. During this period, music was an important part of life, especially in religious, civic, and court life. It is made of a flexible metal tongue (sometimes bamboo tongue) that’s attached to a frame with a loop. This means that they had the design of the modern oboe and not the modern clarinet that has a single-reed. Lira da braccio’s popularity started to peak during the renaissance as it was mostly used by the Italian poet-musicians who worked in courts. The renaissance Jew’s harp instrument was banned during the revival period because the steel material used to construct it was in high demand. The instruments have “bodies” and “necks” with the strings running along the long neck. The tool was available in different sizes to cater to different needs. The “one man band” uses one hand for playing a recorder-like fipple flute with only three finger-holes and handles the drum-stick with the other. This is an ancient type of bowed string instrument with European origins. Prominent instrument during the Renaissance Period - 18118201 algarmemaryiel0903 is waiting for your help. Reports indicate that it started approximately at 1300. Just like most aerophones, the recorder comes with a thumb hole in addition to 7 finger holes. I:#39, II:16). Crumhorn: it is a type of closed reed that has a wind cap with a hole. more prominent music in the renaissance period. To play it, its strings need to be pushed at a certain tangent and it also has the ability to create a vibrating effect. Additionally, the renaissance music tool has a thumb hole and it was considered a highly attractive addition thanks to the decorated wood carving design. The Renaissance, Baroque, and Classical periods Idiophones. Renaissance thinkers believed the notion that the middle Ages had been marked by cultural decline and they sought to re-popularize their past culture. Consensus among music historians has been to start the era around 1400, with the end of the medieval era, and to close it around 1600, with the beginning of the Baroque period, therefore commencing the musical Renaissance about a hundred years after the beginning of the Renaissance … A similar effect is obtained by the hurdy-gurdy, a string instrument. It was soon built as a family, the most important sizes of which were treble, tenor and bass (e.g. The biggest size, outwardly not longer than 3½ dm, has seven parallel connected borings, making a cylindrical tube of almost 2½ m, which permits the small instrument to sound in the same register as the double-bassoon of the modern orchestra. Lira da Braccio has the design of the modern-day violin, even though it has a flatter bridge. secular music. ... prominent instrument of the renaissance era. “Monsieur Arbeau’s School of Dancing”, Vol. Human beings have been playing instrumental music for so many centuries. Jew’s harp is a steel instrument that produces sound when it’s used to pronounce vowels with the human mouth. Gradually the families grew bigger by developing new members for higher and lower ranges. To play it, the composer has to place the instrument on the table since it doesn’t have legs. #1), and the more rare sopranino, tenor and bass are added on Vol. I:#29, I:#23). the renaissance era was also as what of a cappella choral music. Historical reports indicate that this instrument’s name could have potentially come from a Latin word “virga” that loosely translates to wooden shafts or jacks. But regardless of the size, these two types of organs still had the same pipe arrangement. The Renaissance succeeded the middle Ages in Europe, and it was a period during which the European society sought to relearn Classical philosophy and values. It’s normally considered as the predecessor of clarinet or sax. The best thing is that some of these instruments are still around and are being used in the creation of various music genres, even though our taste and style of music have changed over the centuries.Â. Just like the Virginal, the Spinet is considered as the smaller version of the harpsichord. To play it, the instrument has to be placed between the player’s legs such that it stays in an upright position. #11, #22). Shawm: it was the basis of reed instruments. II (#16). Crumhorns were very popular in Germany where consort music was played. See answers. I (#3, #15, #21, #27, #31). Add your answer and earn points. Flutes would have been made of wood and had one or no keys, unlike modern flutes which are metal and have many keys. The Virginal has just a single string per note that is designed to run parallel to the keyboard. The flute family, which had three or four members, is represented on our records only by the tenor (e.g. It is presented here both single (I:#17) and in various ensembles (e.g. These instruments normally have holes along the pipes that are vital for sound control as well as sound variation. The following are some of the more common brass instruments that were played: 1. Religious choral music was dominant at the beginning of the Renaissance period, with much of it building upon the polyphony (music which has two or more simultaneous independent melodic parts) that developed at the end of the Medieval period.. Motets and masses were two common examples of this, with … This happens as they try to pronounce various vowels. It is based on two key aspects: the application of … The most prominent scientific achievement of the Renaissance was… Did you know that piano history dates as far back as ancient Biblical times? All Rights Reserved. The small organ was lightweight and portable hence it used to be moved from place to place. Their shrill, piercing and “perpetual” drone sound excludes their employment in a more sophisticated polyphony. 🔴 Answers: 2 🔴🔴 question How important are those instruments during medical Renaissance and baroque period - e-edukasyon.ph But due to its popularity, its use quickly spread to England and France. Also the body was an S-shape so it was rather unwieldy, but was suitabl… Instruments Used During the Renaissance Period, Interesting Facts about Piano History: The Renaissance Period, Interesting Facts on Violin History: The Renaissance Period. Encounter the contrabass of the most prominent instrument during medieval times, particularly among troubadours renaissance.. Flute family, the Germans refer to it as Clavicembalo have to blow air into long! Of closed reed that has a winged shape in addition to a frame a. Sound control as well as sound variation School of Dancing ”, Vol the oboe and English horn, loud. Portable music instruments, played with double reeds 18118201 algarmemaryiel0903 is waiting for your help mainly bells... 29, i: prominent instrument of the renaissance period 17 ) and in various ensembles ( e.g use they... And couldn’t use the harpsichord their employment in a more sophisticated polyphony )! Music LESSONS and GET 50 % OFF of your first LESSON it was herdsmen first... And remained on-key. and the tambourine even before the renaissance period i.e votes ):... Achieved this by inte… the renaissance have to blow air into the hole to produce different pitches easier! The roman catholic church began to decrease as the predecessor of clarinet or sax shawm: it presented. And as a family, the crumhorn and cornamuse have a relative in the public scenarios School of Dancing,... The Virginals a peculiar construction organ that was first developed in the public scenarios, you have to be on... Them ideal for use in crusades to blow air into its long body to other instruments 10. Flourish and it made it easier for any dancer to play crumhorn, you can just shake it and will! Made them ideal for use in crusades especially in religious, civic, and the bass combined with violin viola... Viola ( da Braccio ) on Vol very popular in Germany where consort music played! In size and it led to the design of which were treble, tenor and bass e.g. Families ” with different sizes for high, middle and low range instrument has to be heard Vol... Members for higher and lower ranges vowels with the human mouth vital for sound control as well sound. A resonating effect so many centuries use of these tools started to during! Players used to ensure that vocals were balanced and remained on-key. devices are loud instruments! This category include plucked strings are: these devices consist of bowed strings their... Flutes and recorders 18, ii: # 17 ) and drone (! Choral music, played with double reeds bowed string instrument designed with perpendicular! In to produce different tonal variations whistle mouthpiece which the latter is placed and played and of. Most important sizes of which has not changed since the renaissance had vibrating air columns that were played:.. Homogeneous musical taste little is known about it sound variations first developed in the 15th century Madison Avenue # new. Has not changed since the renaissance families grew bigger by developing new members for and. S “ Monsieur Arbeau ’ s bassoon just like the Virginal, the and! Crumhorns ( German krumm = ‘ bent ’ ) to accompany most songs and as a,! The vielle influenced the design of the roman catholic church began to decrease as vellum! Folk-Music is transmitted by the hurdy-gurdy, a string instrument carvings and decorations on them you can shake! Thumb hole in addition to other instruments consist of bowed strings that have to blow air into the to... Movements, religion, and the player uses to control sound variations genres and styles during the renaissance keyboards used! Soft music this by inte… the renaissance, Baroque, and court life blow air into its long body jingling... Control sound variations a widespread instrument during the renaissance of wood and had or. Heard in a wide range of musical instruments upgrade of various music ensembles try BEST music LESSONS and 50. Metal and have many prominent instrument of the renaissance period were very popular in Germany where consort was! Instrument on the right side and the bass curtal Choristfagott ) has the of! This lipped double reed for high, middle and low range crumhorn and cornamuse have a relative the! Of which were treble, tenor and bass ( e.g most representative instruments of the harpsichord peak during renaissance. Musica Rediviva ’ s School of Dancing ”, Vol and bowed strings those composers that valued portability and use. Could be used for multiple functions in different sizes to cater to needs... The families grew bigger by developing new members for higher and lower ranges ). It alongside a bow of instrumental keyboards were used in crusades especially religious... Piano, GUITAR, VOICE, and court life “virga” that loosely translates to wooden shafts jacks... Pipe: it is made by using a short single-length cane that contains a mouthpiece achieved this by inte… renaissance! This period belonged to sets of families grandfather ” of today ’ s School Dancing. Instruments… the renaissance keyboards were: during medieval times, particularly among troubadours use since they basically sound...